COVID-19: Prevention and Groups at Higher Risk

Do your part to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in NYC by taking a few steps every day. Remember, the groups described below who are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19Rút tiền thẻ game are depending on all of us to help keep them safe.

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Stay home if you are sick
Rút tiền thẻ game Only leave for essential medical care or other essential errands.

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Keep physical distance
Stay at least 6 feet away from other people.

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Keep your hands clean
Rút tiền thẻ game Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

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Wear a face covering
When you wear a face covering, you protect people around you, in case you are infected but do not know it. A face covering can also help protect you from infection.

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Get Tested
All New Yorkers should get a COVID-19 virus (diagnostic) test, whether or not they have symptoms or are at increased risk. Tests are free. Learn more about testing in NYC,Rút tiền thẻ game including finding a free site near you.

People at Increased Risk of Severe Illness

Severe illness means that the person with COVID-19 may require hospitalization, intensive care or a ventilator to help them breathe, or that they may even die. People who are at increased risk of severe illness need to be especially careful about monitoring their health.

Rút tiền thẻ gameAmong adults, the risk for severe illness from COVID-19 increases with age, with older adults at highest risk. For example, people in their 50s are at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 40s. Similarly, people in their 60s or 70s are, in general, at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 50s.

Rút tiền thẻ gameIn addition, people of any age with the following underlying health conditions are at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19:

  • Cancer
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Heart conditions, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathies
  • Immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from solid organ transplant
  • Obesity (body mass index of 30 or higher)
  • Pregnancy
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Smoking
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

If you have one of the above underlying health conditions or are 65 or older, consider staying home to protect yourself. Work from home if you can, avoid crowds and gatherings, and be sure to practice physical distancing and other precautions if you go out.

Other Possible Risk Factors

We are still learning about COVID-19, and there may be other health conditions that increase the risk of severe illness. Based on what we know at this time, people with the following conditions might also be at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19:

  • Asthma (moderate to severe)
  • Cerebrovascular disease (affects blood vessels and blood supply to the brain)
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from blood or bone marrow transplant, immune deficiencies, HIV, use of corticosteroids or use of other immune weakening medicines
  • Liver disease
  • Neurologic conditions, such as dementia
  • Overweight (body mass index greater than 25 but less than 30)
  • Pulmonary fibrosis (having damaged or scarred lung tissues)
  • Thalassemia (a type of blood disorder)
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus


Children with underlying medical conditions are also at increased risk for severe illness compared to other children. There is currently limited evidence about which specific conditions can lead to increased risk for children, but the following conditions may increase risk for this age group:

  • Obesity
  • Medical complexity
  • Severe genetic disorders
  • Sever neurologic disorders
  • Inherited metabolic disorders
  • Congenital (since birth) heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Asthma and other chronic lung conditions
  • Immunosuppression due to malignancy or immune-weakening medicines

Additional Guidance

More Information